Engineering

12 Emerging Technologies in Engineering That Will Change Our Future

  • BY Saurav Anand

  • Apr 5, 2021

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Technology has modified the globe as we knew it and goes to do so for the foreseeable future. Any conversation concerning rising technologies that will impact our lives isn't potential while not a reference to Artificial Intelligence and justly so. It’s a powerful trend that will form the future of work, remodel each sector imaginable and touch every side of life.

1. Human-Friendly AI

Artificial intelligence is easily one of the hottest tech trends at the moment, and as technology advances, the use of artificial intelligence will be on a whole new level and even more valuable in helping us to interpret and understand the world around us. This being said as we keep on developing, AI or Artificial Intelligence will help especially in the health Care Sector, the amount of healthcare-related data we collect is increasing every day. This means machine learning algorithms will become more informed.

Through computer systems that monitor public spaces and seek to identify connections between people identified by contact tracing initiatives, self-learning algorithms will discover insights that would go unnoticed by manual human Beings.

Artificial intelligence (AI) which we have recently developed is just the tip of the iceberg, a lot needs to be figured out and discovered. AI can be quite useful:

  • Artificial Intelligence can help us in eCommerce or other Digital platforms, for example, ChatBots
  • Improving the workplace by doing all the repetitive work and helping in maintaining a work-life balance and can save a lot of time.
  • Marketing and retail- AI-assisted bots can create seamless, lifelike customer service experiences addressing the consumer based on their purchase history and known preferences.

2. Self-Driving Cars or Autonomous Cars

 A self-driving car is capable of sensing its surroundings and operating autonomously without human involvement. Human occupants are not required to take control of the vehicle at any time, nor are they expected to be present in the vehicle at all.

Some of the changes that these Self-driving cars will bring to the future

  • There are limitless possibilities for convenience and quality of life improvements. The elderly and the physically disabled could enjoy independence.
  • Fewer cars on the road will mean less traffic
  • Will cut transportation cost
  • Will improve life expectancies by reducing car accidents

In the future, autonomous vehicles will probably rule the roads, changing the way we live, work and play.

3. Drones for Delivering Goods

The drone industry has been on a continual evolutionary path since they first appeared on our scene ten years ago, and most of the models today have much more advanced features that allow them to perform tasks that we would not have imagined them performing a decade ago.

Traditionally, road transport has been the backbone of logistics. However, as urban settlements become more congested and remote areas with no road infrastructure become more difficult to reach, the drawbacks of traditional methods become more apparent.

Beyond-visible-line-of-sight technology is needed for delivery drones to fly independently. Guided by GPS systems, drones will be able to deliver packages to the customer's location. The AI should be capable of detecting and avoiding potential obstacles from the outset, such as birds, trees, and even another drone. This will prevent in-air or ground accidents.

4. Plastic Recycling

Technology has developed rapidly in recent years, but for the waste management sector, there has been a slow uptake of technology and its potential uses within waste management.

Future leaders in the industry are developing various technologies, methods, and apps to revolutionize waste management and welcome it to the digital age.

Among the most innovative technologies coming to waste management is the ability to convert waste into real energy. Instead of sitting in a landfill, certain types of waste can simply be converted into energy.

Since the rise of the app culture, waste management companies have begun to develop new apps designed to help businesses and residents reduce their waste in a more environmentally friendly manner.

A new process referred to as thermal conversion can be used to turn waste into specialty products. This technique takes some cues from natural geothermal processes that use heat and pressure to transform waste materials into useful products.

5. Extended reality- Virtual and Augment

Virtual reality applies the concept of complete immersion in a virtual world which mimics the real world. Users can be transported into worlds they will never have seen through VR devices such as HTC Vive, Oculus Rift, or Google Cardboard.

With augmented reality (AR), a live view is enhanced with the addition of digital objects, this can be accomplished by using a smartphone's camera. Examples of AR experiences include Snapchat lenses and the game Pokémon Go.

6. Cyber Security

The cybersecurity engineers work with other information security engineers to identify threats and vulnerabilities in systems and software. Then they use them to develop and implement high-tech solutions that protect against hacking, malware, and ransomware, insider threats, and all types of cybercrime.

These engineers secure trusted systems by performing assessments and penetration testing. They manage security defenses by managing intrusion detection. They provide secure network protection by developing secure solutions to protect against advanced persistent threats.

7. Cloud & Edge Computing

With cloud computing, we can make use of various services like software development platforms, storage, servers, and other software via internet connectivity.

There are many advantages to Cloud Computing, despite the numerous challenges it faces:

  • Companies can begin with small cloud deployment and expand quickly and efficiently. They can also scale back as needed if the situation demands. Furthermore, it offers companies the flexibility to add extra resources when needed, meeting growing customer demands.
  • Reliability- Service providers maintain business continuity and disaster recovery through redundant sites.
  • Maintenance- They perform system maintenance.
  • Cost-effective

Edge Computing

 Through edge computing, computing resources and application services can be distributed along a communication path, utilizing a decentralized computing infrastructure.

There are many advantages to Edge Computing

  • Transporting vast amounts of data quickly and cost-effectively from remote industrial sites can be challenging, edge computing brings analytics capabilities closer to the machine, which cuts out the middle man. This will resolve this problem by adding intelligence to the devices present at the edge of the network. This is a less expensive method of optimizing asset performance.
  • Edge Computing can help in several real-life issues-
  • Cars and other vehicles that are self-driven or AI-powered need a large amount of data from their surroundings to operate correctly in real-time. There would be a delay if cloud computing was used.
  • Streaming services such as Netflix, Amazon Prime, etc. all create a heavy burden on network infrastructure. Edge computing helps reduce network delays through edge caching.

8. Face Recognition

Now, facial recognition technology is a normal part of everyday life. Whether it's surveillance in grocery stores, tagging friends on social media, or logging into our smartphones, it's here to stay. It's also likely to continue in increasing use as time goes on.

But it has its pros and cons:

  • Facial recognition has also been used by law enforcement agencies in finding missing people.
  • Also, facial recognition contributes to improved safety and security, for instance: Airport security screening has used facial recognition to minimize the risk of criminal activity, as well as identifying passengers and airline employees who may pose a threat.

With any technology, there will always be possible downsides, including the possibility of privacy invasion, restrictions on personal freedoms, the possibility of data theft and other crimes, as well as the likelihood of errors due to bugs in the technology.

9. 5G

The first four generations of wireless broadband brought new levels to connectivity, with 3G and 4G focusing on mobile data. 5G seeks to continue this trend and establish it as an efficient means of mobile broadband access. 5G will work along with 4G, eventually replacing it entirely.

Pros:

Cons:

  • High-Speed broadcasting and internet speed.
  • Speed is difficult to achieve in the future because most parts of the world lack competent technological support for now.
  • It is possible to provide a uniform, uninterrupted, and reliable connection around the globe.
  • Higher cost of developing infrastructure.
  • Easily manageable
  • Security and Privacy are yet to be upgraded.

10. Nanotech

The application of nanoscience in nanotechnology is achieved through the manufacture of useful nanosized products made from new nanomaterials.

In the future, nanotechnology will enable us to design custom-made materials and products, new nanoelectronics components, new types of “smart” medicines, and even interfaces between electronics and biological systems...

To master these new-born disciplines, a multidisciplinary scientific education is required since they lie at the interface between physics, chemistry, materials science, microelectronics, biochemistry, and biotechnology.

11. Blockchain

A blockchain may seem complex, and it can certainly be, but its core concept is straightforward. A blockchain is a database. To be able to understand blockchain, we must first understand what a database is. A database is a compilation of information that is electronically stored on a computer system. The information and data contained in a database are usually displayed in a table format, giving better access to certain specifics.

12. Quantum computing

Quantum computing is the application of quantum theory to computer technology to explain the behaviour of energy and matter, as well as building computer systems based on quantum theory.Classical computers today only encode information in bits that take the value of 1 or 0. Quantum computing, on the other hand, uses quantum bits or qubits.

It uses a unique property of subatomic constituents that allows them to exist in conflicting states, e.g. as both 1 and 0. These supercomputers rely on the property of superposition and entanglement, two aspects of quantum physics. Using quantum computers enables conventional computers to handle operations at exponentially faster speeds and with much lower energy consumption than quantum computers.

The following are the top technology trends we recommend you keep an eye out for in the upcoming years. Also, read the article carefully – you will see that each of these trends is somehow related to the other. For example, the rise of the 5G technology trend will have positive implications for AR, and VR, etc.

In this way, you no longer need to worry about which trend is worth it or not for you because knowing about all these tech advancements will complement your understanding and give you an advantage over others.

Knowing about these emerging technology trends will surely give you better career and business opportunities especially as Engineering students.

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